According to rbcdaily, the speaker of the Russian State Duma Boris Gryzlov actively supported the idea of creating a Russian operating system based on the open source software. Its development would require up to 5 billion rubles (about 170 million USD).... The idea was initiated in 2009 by a Russian software company ALT Linux and submitted to Mr. Gryzlov at one of the exhibitions on innovation.
Motivation for this project is reported as: "development and implementation of the national programming environment will release considerable resources so far invested in purchasing foreign licenses, and channel this money to the development of domestic software”.
Source: http://www.rbcdaily.ru/2010/03/15/media/464380 .